Assyriology

Assyriology
   The archaeological and historical study of ancient Mesopotamia. The reference to Assyria in this term reflects the fact that most of the earliest scholars in the field spent their careers unearthing Assyrian ruins. However, Assyriology came to incorporate the remnants of the Sumerian and Babylonian civilizations as well as those of other ancient cities, kingdoms, and peoples of the region. Much of what is known about these long-dead cultures comes from surviving writings on clay tablets, stone markers, bas-reliefs, and so forth. Thus, Assyriologists have the daunting task of becoming proficient in several ancient languages, including Hebrew, Aramaic, and Akkadian, which had several dialects. They must also learn to read the hundreds of cuneiform characters used in Mesopotamian writings for thousands of years. In addition, many scholars in the field are trained in archaeological field methods and comparative anthropology so that they can recognize and interpret various Mesopotamian artifacts unearthed over the years. Among the early pioneers of Assyriology were Paul Emile Botta, Georg F. Grotefend, Robert Koldewey, Samuel N. Kramer, Austen Henry Layard, Seton Lloyd, William K. Loftus, Karsten Niebuhr, Hormuzd Rassam, Henry C. Rawlinson, Claudius James Rich, George Smith, and Charles Leonard Woolley. For details on the discoveries these scholars made, see their individual names.

Ancient Mesopotamia dictioary. . 2015.

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  • Assyriology — As*syr i*ol o*gy, n. [Assyria + logy.] The science or study of the antiquities, language, etc., of ancient Assyria. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Assyriology — 1846, from ASSYRIA (Cf. Assyria) + OLOGY (Cf. ology). Related: Assyriologist …   Etymology dictionary

  • Assyriology — [ə sir΄ē äl′ə jē] n. the study of the civilization of ancient Assyria Assyriologist n …   English World dictionary

  • Assyriology — Ancient Mesopotamia Euphrates · Tigris Sumer Eridu · Kish · Uruk · …   Wikipedia

  • Assyriology — noun Date: 1828 the science or study of the history, language, and antiquities of ancient Assyria and Babylonia • Assyriological adjective • Assyriologist noun …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Assyriology — Assyriological /euh sear ee euh loj i keuhl/, adj. Assyriologist, n. /euh sear ee ol euh jee/, n. the study of the history, language, etc., of the ancient Assyrians. [1820 30; ASSYRI(A) + O + LOGY] * * * …   Universalium

  • assyriology — noun The study of the ancient Assyrian language and culture. See Also: assyriologist …   Wiktionary

  • ASSYRIOLOGY —    the study of the monuments of Assyria, chiefly in a Biblical interest …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Assyriology — [əˌsɪrɪ ɒlədʒɪ] noun the study of the language, history, and antiquities of ancient Assyria. Derivatives Assyriological adjective Assyriologist noun …   English new terms dictionary

  • assyriology — as·syr·i·ol·o·gy …   English syllables

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